How to Conduct an Interview | Effective Interview Questions

How to Conduct Effective Interviews & Questions to ask and not to ask when Interviewing Candidates

Interviews are a critical part of the hiring process. But many managers don’t know how to conduct an interview well or lack effective interviewing skills. Here’s some advice.

First Stick to an interview Structure. This sets up the parameters of the interview, keeps you both focused, be sure to manage your time accordingly.
1. Give a brief description of the company.
2. Outline the job duties.
3. Ask the applicant interview questions.
4. Give the candidate an opportunity to ask you questions.

Try not to talk too much. Talking about 30% of the time is a good rule of thumb.

Watch nonverbal signals. Eye contact, appropriate dress, and self-confidence can tell you a lot about the sincerity and professionalism of your potential interview candidate. For example, is the candidate sitting comfortably yet upright in his chair? Slouchy posture speaks loudly about sloppy work and low self-esteem. Interviewing can tell you alot about a candidate, so pay attention to these signals

Try not to be too “chummy”. Keep all your interview questions job-related. If you spend the interview chatting, you may make a hiring decision because you liked the candidate versus whether the person is truly qualified for the job. When interviewing

Prepare for the interview . Come up with interview questions in four categories: fact-finding, creative-thinking, problem-solving and behavioral. Here are some examples:

Tell me about your most challenging and least challenging job.
Tell me about a job you liked the most and least and why.
Tell me about a time when you tried to do something and failed.
Where do you see yourself in five years?
What things are most important to you in a work situation?
Describe some situations in which you have worked under pressure or met deadlines?
What qualifications do you have that you feel would make you successful here?
Why are you leaving your present job?
In your last position, what were the things that you liked the most or least?
Tell me about your most significant accomplishment?
If I spoke to your previous employer, what would he/she say are your greatest strengths and weaknesses?
What motivates you the most?
Describe what you feel would be an ideal work environment?

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidelines, as well as federal and state laws, prohibit asking certain questions of a job applicant during the interview. Be sure to avoid asking about the candidate:

National Origin or Race, this includes asking where they were born or where their family is from
Marital Status, including asking if they have or intent to have children
Mental History or Medical Information. Under the Americans with

Disabilities Act, employers may not ask about the existence, nature, or severity of a disability or health condition. Be sure while interviewing not to ask about these subjects

The following acceptable alternative interview questions can be asked on the application or the interview, but be careful if you ask them incorrectly you can easily find yourself in a sticky situation. So only use these if you have a bonafide reason to ask.

Do you have any responsibilities that conflict with the job’s attendance or travel arrangements?
Are you able to work in the United States on an unrestricted basis?
Are you able to perform the duties on the job description with or without reasonable accommodations?
If hired, can you provide proof that you are at least 18 years of age?
Do you have any conflicts that would prevent you from working the schedule discussed?
What languages do you speak fluently?
Would you have any problem working overtime, if required?
Would anything prohibit you from making a long-term commitment to the position?

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Conduct Effective Interviews
Interview Questions